Ecological examination of a summer cottage
When buying a summer cottage, make sure that you don’t get the likeness of a uranium mine in the appendage
Now almost no one in Ukraine is buying summer cottages in order to feed on growing vegetables on this plot. Nevertheless, among our compatriots the peasant roots are indestructible, and an ordinary summer resident wants to grow at least something on his patch of land. Therefore, it is important to be sure that children do not get poisoned by eating currants even from a single bush.
So, to make sure that you are buying a “healthy” piece of land, we recommend that you assess the water and soil conditions.
Naturally, the presence of water is important for the southern part of Ukraine. This means that it is necessary to find out if there is close surface water and whether it is possible to reach the aquifer. Soil water content (the presence of water in them) and the proximity of the first aquifer to the surface are more important for the north of Ukraine, but this should be of interest primarily in connection with the likelihood of flooding of the site and buildings.
The level of the aquifer in the least knowledgeable person can approximately
name on the map, of which a great many have been compiled for Ukraine. If you need calculations for a separate section, you need to drill at least five wells “in an envelope” (four in the corners and one in the center of the section). However, the number of wells may also depend on the size of the latifundia you acquired.
Any organization with a drilling rig can conduct such a study. Most often, this is a geological party engaged in exploratory drilling. There is nothing complicated in it, but you need to make sure that the craftsmen drilled the site, and did not take money for a simple outline of the water cut.
So, groundwater at your site found. It should be remembered that they are of two types – non-pressure (high water, the first aquifer from the surface) and pressure (artesian). Non-pressure water is the dirtiest, as it is replenished by seeping from the surface of the earth. Drinking such water is undesirable. In principle, all artesian waters also feed on what seeps from the surface of the earth, but they are deeper located, and the entire thickness of the rocks that overlap them works like a filter. Pollutants (pollutants) are bound by components of soils, parent rocks, and deeper clay deposits.
Thus, the main filter is the soil, or rather its mineral and organic components. Therefore, the soil is an indicator of the state of the landscape. In ecogeochemistry and geochemistry of technogenesis, it is the soil that is used to characterize the territories.
Even in the industrializing Soviet Union, after environmental standards were determined for industrial premises, soils were named the second most important object for rationing. But the whole point is that in general, it is possible to characterize territories in terms of their suitability for life by the state of the soils. If you determine the state of soils, then you can’t take on the analysis of the remaining components: soils allow you to determine the viability of the entire ecosystem.
Examination of the condition of soils and their pollution is carried out by many agrochemical and geological institutes (belonging to the Ukrainian Academy of Agrarian Sciences, the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, the Ministry of Environmental Protection of Ukraine). Note that in geological institutes, things with pesticides and other organic matter are somewhat worse, since they did not deal with it before. Geologists took up such an examination “from hunger”, and it is based on traditional methods of exploratory geochemistry, that is, on determining the amount of metals or, at best, their forms.
When applying privately or officially to state scientific organizations, it is necessary to inquire how “representative” their results are. It is necessary to find out whether the person undertaking the examination is able to take samples and carry out sample preparation; Does the laboratory that will conduct the examination have a certificate? whether the methodology by which it works is certified; where and when reagents were purchased; who signs the results of the examination.
Important: while undertaking an examination of your (or your purchased) land, first find out for yourself why you need this, in fact. If “for the sake of interest”, then you can order samples to any sensible graduate student, and the results will be dictated to you by phone. And such work will be relatively inexpensive.
If you need an official document, which, if necessary, can be presented, say, in court, require the above certification. Naturally, the service will not be the cheapest. It is difficult to name the price – it all depends on the whims of the customer. So, samples for the presence of heavy metals (primarily lead, nickel, cobalt, mercury, arsenic) differ greatly in their complexity. In addition, the density of the removal of these same samples and the size of the acquired plot are also important.